2014: Late Jurassic terrane collision in the northwestern margin of Gondwana (Cajamarca complex, eastern flank of the central cordillera, Colombia)

Late Jurassic terrane collision in the northwestern margin of Gondwana (Cajamarca complex, eastern flank of the central cordillera, Colombia)

Abstract

Medium-grade metabasites and metapelites from the Cajamarca Complex (Central Cordillera of Colombia) are in fault contact with the Jurassic Ibague batholith and show a penetrative foliation, locally mylonitic, suggesting intense dynamic–thermal metamorphism. The amphibolites are composed of calcic amphibole + epidote + plagioclase + quartz plus rutile + titanite + apatite + carbonate as accessory phases. Chlorite and albite appear as retrograde replacements. The metapelites are mainly composed of phengite + quartz + garnet + chlorite, plus epidote + albite + apatite + titanite + haematite as accessory phases. Bulk geochemistry of the amphibolites indicates basaltic protoliths with a mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) signature, although enrichment in the mobile large-ion lithophile elements compared to MORB suggests pre- and/or syn-metamorphic alteration by fluids. Peak pressure–temperature determinations for both types of rocks are similar, ranging 550–580°C and 8 kbar (approximately 26 km depth and an apparent geothermal gradient of 22°C/km). 40Ar-39Ar dating of amphibole from two amphibolite samples and one phengitic mica from a pelitic schist yielded plateau ages of 146.5 ± 1.1 Ma and 157.8 ± 0.6 Ma, and 157.5 ± 0.4 Ma, respectively. These Late Jurassic ages contrast with previously published (Permian)Triassic ages of metamorphism in the Cajamarca Complex. Taken together, our data indicate tectonic-driven burial of oceanic supracrustal sequences down to mid-crustal depths during Late Jurassic times and are best explained as the result of terrane collision-related metamorphism and deformation in a fore-arc/volcanic-arc environment of the active western margin of Gondwana rather than as a result of Jurassic thermal–metamorphic resetting of a (Permian)Triassic metamorphic sequence during intrusion of the Jurassic Ibague batholith. Our results represent the first report of Jurassic terrane collision tectonics involving supracrustal oceanic rocks in the northwestern margin of Gondwana in Colombia.

Keywords: Cajamarca Complex, Central Cordillera, 40Ar-39Ar geochronology, dynamic–thermal metamorphism, collisional event

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To Cite this article: Blanco-Quintero, I.F., García-Casco, A., Toro, L.M, Moreno, M., Ruiz, E.C., Vinasco, C.J., Cardona, A., Lázaro, C., Morata, D. (2014). Late Jurassic terrane collision in the northwestern margin of Gondwana (Cajamarca complex, eastern flank of the central cordillera, Colombia). International Geology Review, 56, 1852-1872.

DOI: 10.1080/00206814.2014.963710


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